What is the trade deficit?
The trade deficit is the difference between the imports and exports in a country. When a country imports more than it exports, it runs a trade deficit. When it exports more than it imports, it runs a trade surplus.
The United States imported $2.7 trillion and exported $2.2 trillion in goods and services in 2016 (Source). Its trade deficit was $500 million.
Who are America’s largest trading partners?
America’s largest trading partner in goods is China, followed by Canada, Mexico, Japan, and then Germany (Source).
What is the difference between a temporary visa and a permanent residency card?
How many legal immigrants come to America each year?
America has averaged about one million permanent new residents a year for the last few decades. The Department of Homeland Security’s “Immigration Data & Statistics” page has the relevant data here.