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Chapter Two: The Debate between Karl Marx and John Locke on Natural Rights


Published February 25, 2021

Karl Marx and John Locke disagreed about property rights. While Locke saw property rights as a fundamental part of individual freedom, Marx argued for eliminating private property. According to Marx, private property was a source of division and a significant obstacle to attaining individual freedom.

Discussion Questions

  1. What comes to mind when you hear the word “socialism”?
  2. Is capitalism the best economic system for the world?
  3. What are the differences between socialism and capitalism?

Additional Resources

  • To learn more about socialism and free-market capitalism, click here.
  • Read “Capitalism, Socialism, and Freedom,” by Peter Berkowitz. Available here.
  • Watch “Socialism and Free-Market Capitalism,” by Peter Berkowitz. Available here.
  • Listen as Peter Berkowitz discusses liberty, self-government, and political moderation. Available here.